Building on the foundation of the first article in this series, I will write a summary of the material culture, IE the items of clothing, weaponry, tools and household items of our European ancestors in the distant past before the historical age but after the arrival of agriculture around 7500BC which was brought here by invading Arabs called the Natufians.

A Levantine man of Natufian descent. His ancestors
invaded Europe circa 8000BC, bringing industrialized
agriculture and ending hunter-gathering as a
way of life in all but a few places

As I outlined in the prior article but wish to make abundantly clear, this changed Europe for the worse. The agricultural revolution was the first major instance in known prehistory of race mixing on a major scale (again, I will debunk Out of Africa in some later posts, probably in a series solely on the Paleolithic Era). The Natufians damaged the European gene pool in a manner that lowered life expectancy, shrunk stature and begin to disintegrate the hunter gatherer communities that had persisted for hundreds of thousands of years. It is no surprise that during this time weapons were made for the very first time.

The only in-depth knowledge we could have of the attitudes and personal culture during this time is passed down in legend and I will cover this in further articles focused on this. The Hindu holy texts provide a great resource for learning about prehistoric Eurasia. It is of course no surprise that the evidence of the items our ancestors used in their daily lives is rather scant as most of it has either been swallowed by the soil and waits to be discovered or has eroded away over the millennia from this time, but I will attempt to create an overview of the jigsaw pieces we do have in regards to material culture in the hope of being able to reconstruct a good general picture of neolithic life.

The way of life was in actuality essentially the same as it was in ancient history, when our ways of life first came into writing. If one understands how people lived in the bronze and iron age learning about the Neolithic will not be anything too different.

Fashion and Wearables:


Clothing styles varied, but women typically wore longer garments than men, but this could vary vastly across different cultures and indeed climates. Parts of dresses from this time period have been discovered.

Fur was a common material for clothing but in actuality people also made cloth too. The oldest sewing needles in Europe are roughly 50’000 years old and were found in Siberia. The oldest piece of dyed clothing in Europe dates from the mid Neolithic (6500BC) and uses a technique known as Nålebinding. There is very little I can understand of Nålebinding as someone who has only a limited knowledge of textiles, but it was the most common form of sewing in this era.

A reconstruction of Otzi the iceman’s shoes.
Otzi lived around 5000 years ago

We do know from very rare finds that clothes were sown and knitted from wool and flax just as they were in less ancient times. Fur was also commonly used but this would of course depend on the diverse climate within Europe, at the time several degrees colder on average than it is today.

Shoes, hats, trousers, socks and loincloths were worn though of course styles varied across cultures and probably also within tribes with each tribe having recognizable regalia such as jewelry, clothing and distinctive tattoos.

There was likely no concept of “fashion” in the way we perceive it today. IE styles or colors that fall out of use over short periods of time. Whilst there were cultures in which certain styles were more common, people didn’t dress as a fashion statement but wore practical clothing that suited their environment except for ceremonial use, which is probably worth an article of its own. If they wanted to impress, they would wear jewelry, have a nice house or hunt large animals for sport.

Ötzi the iceman, who died around 3000BC, had sophisticated equipment with metal weaponry made of copper. He wore leggings and a loincloth made of goat and sheep hide. He had a leather belt made of calfskin and a pouch which contained a selection of flint and bone tools.

Otzi’s bear skin cap

His shoes were comprised of dried grass padding, lime tree strings and stitched deer hide. He wore a fur cap made of bear skin that featured a chord which could be tied at the chin. Judging by the variety of material, Otzi was either a hunter or procured the hides and clothing via trade, which would go some way to demonstrating the sophistication of neolithic society. Those who have analysed Otzi’s shoes have suggested that they could only have been made by a skilled professional.

Jewelry and ornaments:

People wore necklaces, earrings, bracelets and rings and was commonly worn  Most of the jewelry that has survived is bone and shell but people took tremendous time and effort to make pendants out of precious stone. The pendants were normally in the shape of animals which had religious significance. A few items of gold jewelry have been found and are said to date from the Neolithic/early Bronze age era.

Neolithic animal head amulet

Jewelry served a very important religious purpose. Since jewelry was often hand-crafted by its wearer and carried with them at all times, it was always present in burial services and would be passed down from generation to generation.

As you will likely know, ornaments were also made, such as the Venus figurines. I intend to do an entire article on the Venus figurines in future but they were essentially a religious symbol.

Clothing Dyes:

Dyes made of plant extract were also used on the clothes in almost any colour one could wish for, here is a list of just a few:

The Woad Plant: Any shade of Blue could be made using the woad plant when boiled, depending on how many times you dip the fabric. Dipping once will get a baby blue whereas dipping 10 times gets a very dark navy blue that is almost black.

Iron Oxide extracted from clay: Dark red/orange colour

The Weld Plant: Yellow

Purple could also be made from sea snails but it was a rarity and luxury reserved only for those with status and the expertise to extract it. We know with certainty it was used from 2000BC but there is no reason to believe it was not used millennia earlier. The difficulty involved in producing purple dyes and its resulting rarity lead to the reputation of purple as a royal colour even to this day.

Green dyes could be made by blending blue with yellow but this didn’t work very well and wasn’t as often used.

Orange could likewise be made with red and blue yellow dyes or with some plants directly but most plants that naturally produced orange pigment are not European and would not have been used.

Weaponry and Metal: Debunking the “Scholars”:

When archaeologists make the claim that because there were no weapons prior to the Neolithic era, or at least no sophisticated ones, I would pose a counter argument that in a homogeneous society with no danger of invasion and no conflict why would there be need for weaponry to exist?

Supposed “scholars” claim that in the time just before Otzi metalwork was not used in Europe because evidence has not been found. Of course evidence has not been found, metals erode with time. I would love to see exact figures of how long exactly, but even metals cannot last for many thousands of years exposed to the elements, and ergo evidence of metallurgy will also be lost. Nearly all metals will corrode eventually, iron of course most quickly with copper and tin taking rather longer but eventually it all corrodes, especially with pressure and/or extreme environmental conditions. You’d be fortunate for an iron weapon to survive a few years exposed to the elements.

Bronze items from the prehistoric era are only found in countries in the middle east and in Africa not because Africans and Arabs were more advanced than us, but because the climate in these areas is much better at preserving metals, especially common ones like bronze because the climate is dryer. Bronze suffers from a corrosion known as bronze disease when exposed to chlorides but oxygen in water can also have an effect over long periods of time. To the right is an image of a Roman coin that has been effected by bronze disease:

This shows that even after only a couple of thousand years bronze items begin to deteriorate and after 4000 will probably have disappeared completely. I am highly skeptical of the mainstream archaeological view that metal work is something new to humanity considering we have been highly intelligent beings for hundreds of thousands of years. The only metals that don’t erode hardly at all are gold and silver but they are so rare that it is unlikely that archaeologists will find any weaponry or jewellery that is extremely old and made of these materials.

Military regalia was the same as the “bronze age” in that swords and shields were used but often shields were made of turtle shell, wood or hide. Strong armour could also be made from hides and thick leather.

There were also shaving razors made of flint which were very sharp and likely more effective than the shaving razors of today.


Houses were much the same in the Neolithic as they were in the “Bronze Age” and the “Iron Age” in that they varied with the culture but were simple, normally made from wattle and daub or from stone. They normally did not include windows and normally had thatch roofs. A common style in Celtic culture was the roundhouse, pictured to the side here.

From the look of it, this house employs a thatch roof with daub walls, which could be made from dried mud mixed with clay, though there are many different methods of making daub. Obviously, these houses could vary in size drastically and were sometimes very small and sometimes very large depending on the available resources, the free time available to construct it, the expertise and the amount of people that pitched in. The roundhouse pictured above is larger than the average and would have been fit for an important person in the tribe, such as an elder, or a decorated warrior or hunter. It may even have been fit for the King and Queen.

A reconstruction of a long house

These houses would be fairly well spaced out across a community, as there was no risk of overpopulation when eugenics was an essential part of the European worldview and as a result death rates were high, see the previous article for a brief summary of kingship, though there will be future ones too.

Another style was the longhouse; this style was used more commonly in Germany and Scandinavia. Its distinguishing feature is obvious.

It could be made using similar materials to a roundhouse but was simply just a cultural preference as far as I know. This article from Inhabitat proposes there are some practical benefits to using a round house structure, including thermodynamics. It is well worth a read:

A reconstruction of a neolithic pile house

It may, however have been more effective in colder climates to use a longhouse because it keeps in the heat better than a round house because some roundhouses have holes in the thatch for ventilation, which would cause a drought.

The interior of a Germanic longhouse in the Neolithic

The final major housing style we know of during the Neolithic was the pile house, which was built on stilts and would have been useful in coastal areas or in a fishing community. These have been found in large concentration around the Alps.

Pottery and Household Items:

Pots were made to cook with and there is a possibility that kitchen utensils (IE knives and forks) were used too. They were probably made of wood. Large quantities of Neolithic pottery still remain because pottery is not very biodegradable.

A Neolithic community, demonstrating the women and children engaged in the less
physically exerting jobs nearer the home; the men would have been out in the field

The Comb Ceramic culture produced a lot of pottery in Northern Europe throughout the Neolithic era from around 4000BC to 2500BC. It derives its name from the nature of the pottery imprints, which looks like they have been made with a comb. What is unique or at least rare in regards to the comb ceramic era was that it is the only instance I know of where pottery exists in a hunter gatherer society, IE without agriculture being present. In a hunter gatherer society, it follows that since food was gathered there was little need to store for further use, as is the case with agriculture where grains would need to be stored for the next year.  Most people in the comb ceramic culture IE, the macrotribe that spoke proto-Uralic, lived in large communal dwellings which were normally tepees. The people of the Comb Ceramic are genetically very similar to modern Finns, northern Norwegians and some Swedes.

Corded Ware pottery collection

The Comb Ceramic culture was then preceded by the corded ware culture. The pottery produced has cord-like patterns and lines, hence the title.

Comb Ceramic Jug

The pottery was mostly used to store alcoholic beverages, grains and dairy products. 

Rossen culture is really not dissimilar to the two cultures previously mentioned and is found around various parts of northwestern Europe in the fifth millennia BC. Rossen burials are very typical of all pagan burials, with the dead placed lying on their right facing east, and personal items they used in life such as axes, jugs and rings were placed with them. Rossen culture also had pottery. I will get into burial rites and funeral tradition in a later article.

In Conclusion:

Hopefully, this article has been a useful summary of some of the Neolithic material culture in Europe, at least enough to pique your interest in finding out more, as there will certainly be further articles on the subject. The Neolithic is a very interesting and enigmatic period in European history, and it is essential to unlocking one’s understanding of European culture and indeed just how European culture has changed over time. European culture shows a uniformity in all the time leading up to the Neolithic, this tradition is then broken and a new tradition, particularly of lifestyle and material culture more so than religion, is founded in the Neolithic as a result of the Natufians. It is, I believe, also important to understand how goods were produced naturally with limited technology in reference to article 5: Ragnarok and the need for change which outlines the necessity for a simpler lifestyle which is self governed and self reliant.

It is also important to understand the ways of our ancestors for the purpose of historical recollection, an essential aspect of reincarnation which is part of the spiritual rites within all European indigenous religion, which will get its own  individual article. Through intensive study, we can recover the powers we once had and our ancestral knowledge which can revitalize Europe and revive the white corpse created through the Abrahamization, Arabization and/or agriculturalisation that dispersed from the inbred Afro-Asian-White hybrids in the Middle East, which has bred only spiritual death.

Hail Odinn! Hail to the ancient ways! Hail to the lore of old and to the Blessed Lord and Lady of Europe! Long may we continue.


Three typical Northern European men,
more characteristic of the mesolithic era prior to the
 arrival of Arabic agriculture

In this article, I want to briefly go over what it was like to live in neolithic society in Europe and touch upon a broad range of elements from diet and married life to religion and royalty. This is only intended to be a brief primer and I will build upon the topics discussed here in later articles as I deem it necessary.

But first, what is meant by “Neolithic”? The neolithic era refers to the final stages of the stone age in Europe, between circa 7000BC and 1000BC. This is at present the furthest time period I have researched in extensive depth at may, unfortunately, be the latest time period that we can accurately reconstruct without heavy supposition.

The neolithic era was the era in which the European way of life changed forever. Rather than living a hunter gatherer lifestyle, Europeans (particularly in Southern Europe) began to mongrelise with Natufian Arabs who brought agriculture into Europe. It is important to remember that the quality of life during the neolithic era tremendously declined from that of the mesolithic, or “Middle Stone Age” which preceded it. Diet became much poorer and less varied, life expectancy likely declined with it and Europeans were much shorter in stature due to a combination of genetic factors and environmental changes. In my view, Arabic agriculture plunged Europe into a dark age from which we only recovered during the classical era, setting European society back several thousand years.

Despite the detriment of the neolithic era for Europe, I believe it is important to discuss it for several reasons. Firstly, it is the earliest we can reconstruct with reasonable accuracy at the present time and is hence a good place to start before going deeper into our true past. Secondly, it is I believe equally important to learn about where things went wrong so that we can learn not to repeat them but finally, despite their mistakes the neolithic era is still an important part of our European heritage and is in actuality much more interesting and developed than one would first assume.

Without further ado, lets begin.

The Macrotribes:

There were broadly speaking around half a dozen known language families (representing as I wish to call them, Macrotribes) in Neolithic Europe prior to the Indo European expansion from the steppes in present day Ukraine. There were likely also smaller clusters of languages especially in remote areas but these have since been lost to time unless we find new evidence of their existence.

These macrotribes were as follows:

A painting by Nicolas Poussin that to me really captures the
essence of the neolithic in Southern Europe
  • Northern Europeans (who spoke the reconstructed proto-Uralic) that ranged through Scandinavia, Western Siberia and Estonia. The main culture of these people is known as the Corded Ware culture.
  • The Iberians, who spoke dialects of the same language which belonged to the same family as Basque, the extinct Iberian language, Tartessian and also Anatolian.
  • There were the Caucasians who spoke the ancestor of modern Georgian, proto Kartvelian.
  • There were the people of modern day Germany of spoke a language of their own which heavily influenced the languages that came later. 
  • The people of modern day France, Belgium and Britain appear to have also been broadly one people, sharing a large amount of genetics, culture and possible a Celtic substrate language that influenced Proto-celtic that came later. That is a complicated issue though.
  • There were of course the Yamnaya people of Ukraine that spoke PIE; we know the most about this culture as it had taken over most of Europe by the 1st century BC. Most of the observations I will document in the following article are based on study of their culture in particular.

Life expectancy:

The life expectancy during this era is, despite various “scientific” claims, is not really known. We believe it was less than that of the modern day but this really can’t be confirmed. The main method of estimating the age of a skeleton at death is by looking at bone and enamel wear, but this is obviously not going to be accurate because one can find people who are in their 20s with worn out hip joints and people who are in there 60s with very little, so this method is frankly pseudo-scientific.

Also, looking at enamel wear is really pointless considering that diets could vary drastically between communities of people and even individuals. For example whilst the average tribe member ate mostly grains and bread, the Lord and Lady may have eaten vegetables and boiled meats.

Considering that cultures and languages could be very similar over large geographic areas, it is certain that there was trade and dialogue between neighboring tribes and probably even to a larger extent with geopolitical assemblies especially for important events like selecting a high king or uniting against a common threat.

Size of community:

An Iberian family during the neolithic era

Each tribe was essentially a large extended family of no more than several hundred individuals who mostly shared a common ancestor unless they were married into the tribe from and were from a neighboring community. The structure of the household was generally one family per household with the two parents, anywhere from 3-8 children and in some cases an older relative such as a grandparent. Older women took more menial jobs such as stirring food and also became spiritual leaders as they aged  and learnt the tales of their ancestors and the religious lore, being responsible for passing it forward. The older men would do the simple jobs in the field like minding the animals while the younger men did the labor intensive work and the children did jobs like egg collecting, finding firewood, or attending military training.

Members of the community who did not contribute and became parasitic (excluding the elderly who normally took on respected roles) were normally either exiled from the community or in extreme cases where the individual had severely damaged the community (such as damaging the community’s reputation, promoting immorality, or engaging in degeneracy) were executed. Typically, kings who became incompetent were executed in the same manner as it was impossible for a new king to be selected while the old king was still alive.

Royalty and Leadership:

On the death of the old King and Queen, a new king was selected from the best candidates in the community. As all people in the tribe were related it would not have made sense for the title to be inherited as everyone was in line! The challenges involved rhetoric, debating, riddles, physical feats, animal husbandry, and spiritual power. Once selected, the new King would then usually selected the lady he wanted to be his wife and Queen from among the unmarried women in the village as, typically, the king was a young man when chosen and had not yet married (men normally married after engaging in several military campaigns first, which could take years after their 13th birthday when they were eligible for militar
y service. The lady was normally significantly younger than the King but was no younger than 13.

Rather often, the King would select his wife from another tribe (we know this from genetic evidence) which was actually useful as it helped keep the gene pool of the tribe from stagnating and it prevented the spread of recessive disorders.

Often, the king would also have several wives. Typically this behavior would be frowned upon but in neolithic society the ratio of men to women was normally around 2:3 and hence there was a surplus of women who could not provide for themselves. The king would be expected to provide for these women himself either by marrying them or arranging a marriage with the leader of another tribe. Ergo, polygamy was acceptable under very specific circumstances.

Varg Vikernes did an excellent video on this topic:

Housing, Health and Community Maintenance:

Houses varied drastically from culture to culture, but were normally wattle and daub in the neolithic era as well as stone houses, and sometimes tent-like structures canvassed with animal skins. It would depend vastly on factors such as the availability of materials, the climate and cultural sophistication, not to mention the amount of time one had available. Below is an example of a rather luxurious wattle and daub house constructed in the Neolithic style:

Communities were normally built on a hill and/or near a water supply.

The previous habitat range of the gray wolf in red

The biggest threat to communities in the neolithic era was actually not war from what we can gather, but was actually wolf attacks. At one time, all of Europe was populated with wolves who would typically live at a distance from human encampments. However, under certain circumstances wolves would attack people. One instance would be wolves eating the livestock of a neolithic farmer and attacking a farmer who attempted to protect his flock of animals. If wolves had success in picking off livestock they would return and in greater numbers which could be threatening for the community’s livelihood. Wolves could also eat children who strayed too far from home or who were unattended. Wolves are generally too intelligent to risk attacking men directly and normally attempt to pick of the weakest prey possible.


Clothing was one pleasure in a generally simple life. People owned a variety of outfits which were changed and washed regularly, normally on a weekly basis. It was typically part of a woman’s job to weave new clothing which would vary drastically in style from culture to culture but was often very well adorned. The best wives were normally selected from the women who had the best handicraft. Men and women alike wore bone and in some cases pewter jewelry including necklaces, brooches, torcs and bracelets that were sometimes inherited or collected during war as well as crafted locally.

A couple found in Brittany dated to circa 6000BC (early Neolithic)
wearing ancestral bone jewelry and shells

The day to day life was dull but there were regular religious festivals to keep people in good spirits and evenings after dark were typically free to have an evening meal, gather together to hear music, old stories and make tribute to the Gods. There would be festivals where dancing and drinking took place for the end of winter, start of summer, Easter month (no, Easter is not Christian) midsummer, end of summer, harvest (normally at Halloween) and midwinter (Christmas/shortest day of the year) just to name a few.

Hobbies including composing poetry, playing musical instruments, physical exercise and competitions, debating, listening to stories, and also even board games. Most board games were of course not built to last thousands of years but we can assume from evidence found in other areas of the world that Europe would be no exception in having board games such as Senet, Draughts, Go and Chess.

Hunting in neolithic Europe was rather rare, as agriculture had taken over making the practice rather obsolete. It was much easier to domesticate animals and slaughter them in captivity. However, competitions in hunting would often take place for the purpose of entertainment or for proving one’s worth and position in the tribe.

There is even evidence starting to emerge that ball games may have existed in the neolithic era, and sport certainly existed as a precursor to the Olympic games of classical history.

Signing off:

I hope you enjoyed this brief detour into our distant European past, and learn a lot about the lives of your ancestors. There will be more parts in this series added as time goes on and also as I myself uncover more. The most important thing to remain mindful of is that we are all continually learning and should keep this attitude towards our heritage at all times. 
The Neolithic was a tough time to be alive, certainly tougher than the present day and also certainly more difficult than the eras that came before it. To have the genes of those that survived flowing through your veins is a true honor and something to be proud of.
Heil to the blood which with every heartbeat murmurs the struggles of the distant past to this very day. Heil to our noble ancestors! Heil Europa!
Fuck industrialized agriculture! Revive the ancient forests and wilderness so we can once again live with nature!